John

by David Cook
Overview

The author of the gospel is the apostle John, the son of Zebedee, brother of James, and one of the three “inner circle” disciples: Peter, James, and John. He never refers to himself directly in this gospel. He is most likely a disciple of John the Baptist, who leaves to follow Jesus (John 1:35–37). Probably written in AD 80–90, John is the latest of the gospels and thus more reflective on the life and ministry of the Lord Jesus.

The Structure of John

1:1–18
John’s prologue, in which he introduces his themes.

1:19–11:57
The book of signs, containing the first five of the seven “I am” statements and the signs attesting the words of Jesus.

12
The transition from Jesus’ public ministry to His preparation for His Passion.

13–17
The upper room teaching of Jesus, the night before His betrayal and death, including the last two “I am” statements.

18–21
The death, resurrection, and post-resurrection appearances of Jesus.

Key Verse
“No one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father’s side, has made him known.” —John 1:18

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